Recently, AbeBooks posted a list by Richard Davies of 50 Essential Science Fiction Books. It’s a pretty good list, and I agree with many of the choices, but there are some changes I would make, and some books that I think should have been included.
There were some constraints placed on the list that affected the books selected. Davies was trying for a diverse mix of subgenres and themes, so in some ways diversity overrode influence in making the selections. He also limited the list to no more than one book from each author, so highly influential authors are woefully underrepresented. (How can you choose only one book to represent the canon of authors such as Heinlein, Asimov, Clarke, or Bradbury?)
Working within the constraints as defined, in some cases, I would have chosen a different book to represent some of these authors.
For Robert A. Heinlein, I think I would have selected Stranger in a Strange Land for sheer influence, rather than Starship Troopers. However, my favorite Heinlein book has always been The Door Into Summer, which has been a favorite of mine since about fourth grade.
For John Christoper, my choice would have been the first book in his young adult Tripods series, The White Mountains, over Davies’ selection of The Death of Grass or No Blade of Grass. The White Mountains has been very influential in introducing generations of new young fans to the science fiction genre. Read my review of The White Mountains.
Additions to the List
There are some books and authors that I was surprised to find weren’t represented on the list. A list that excludes Andre Norton, E.E. Doc Smith, and A.E. van Vogt can’t really be considered representative of the greatest works of science fiction.
Andre Norton is probably best known for her Witch World fantasy series, but she was also well known for her adventure science fiction for young adults. Storm Over Warlock was significant as an early science fiction adventure novel with a female protagonist.
E.E. “Doc” Smith’s Lensman series is probably the foundation on which all other space opera is based. Although some of the societal aspects of the story are pretty cringeworthy by todays standards (ie., racist and sexist) it’s still a shining example of what space opera could be. As a teen I loved the sweeping story that traveled through time, space, and history. Although Triplanetary is listed as the first book in the series, I believe that First Lensman was originally the first book and Triplanetary was added later as a prequel (similar to what John Christopher did with When the Tripods Came).
Slan is another book that was a big influence on my younger self. It’s been a long time since I read it, but from what I remember of it, it would have a lot of appeal for today’s fans of dystopian literature.